Affirmative of Penal Punishment Theory
The problem is switching paradoxical truths in the Bible. No more should we switch God’s justice and mercy than switch Jesus’ humanity and divinity. A classic pitfall in Biblical misunderstanding is being right in what is affirmed but wrong in what is denied.
The Bible is hazardously twisted when one side of a Biblical paradox is denied. For example, the heresy of Arianism conjures up a Christ who is not divine. Consequently, not only serious problems but tragic eternal consequences are spawned by that view of Jesus Christ.
As you cannot divorce Jesus’ humanity from His divinity neither can you sever God’s justice (holiness) from is mercy (grace). Both are clearly taught in the Scriptures. It is not EITHER OR but BOTH AND. The two should not be switched. Instead, they should be harmonized.
This fundamental interpretive principle allows us to believe that Jesus is the God-man (two natures, divine and human, united in one person). Likewise, we see God’s mercy and justice kiss at the Cross in perfect love (Ex. 34:5-7; Ps. 85:10-14).
Negative against Penal Punishment Theory
5 And the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord. 6 And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other. 11 Truth shall spring out of the earth; and righteousness shall look down from heaven. 12 Yea, the Lord shall give that which is good; and our land shall yield her increase. 13 Righteousness shall go before him; and shall set us in the way of his steps.
Is there any question that God is Merciful, Truthful, Righteous and Peaceful? I can’t see any mention here of any God’s mercy and justice kiss at the Cross in perfect love